Mind Mapping & Creative Thinking

November 30, 2007

ICT in the design and manufacturing processes.

Filed under: Design Technology — Editor @ 9:19 am

CNC Router

 

ICT is used in lots of areas of design these days. How could you use ICT to help your design develop? Many products are designed using CAD. It is essential that you understand and can describe what CAD is if it appears in an exam question.

You need to know and understand a number of terms used to describe aspects of ICT in design and production. They are:

  • CAD – Computer-aided design (or Assisted) 
  • CAD – Computer-aided drawing (or Assisted)
  • CAM – Computer-aided manufacturing
  • CIM – Computer-integrated manufacturing
  • FMS – Flexible manufacturing systems
  • CNC – Computer numerical control
  • PDM – Product data management
  • CADMAT – Computer-aided design, manufacturing and testing
  • CAM – Computer-aided manufacturing
  • CIM – Computer-integrated manufacturing
  • FMS – Flexible manufacturing systems
  • CNC – Computer numerical control
  • PDM – Product data management
  • CADMAT – Computer-aided design, manufacturing and testing

ICT can also be used in the manufacturing process: CAM (Computer Aided (Assisted) Manufacture).

Don’t think that lots of products are manufactured using robots because they aren’t! Robots are very costly to build, install and run. All these costs get added to the product which in turn the person who buys it pays for it!

Robots tend to be used where it is too dangerous for people to go. However people do actually do most manufacturing tasks assisted by machines. People are more cost effective that robots! People are more adaptable than robots.

Could robots really take over the world? I don’t think so because we could pull the plug out!

In the furniture industry where mass or large batch production takes place computer controlled machinery is used to automate (which means to manufacture automatically). For example a gang drilling machine will drill the holes for fixing pegs for shelves or joints.

Slots and curves are usually cut with cnc routers, these increase the accuarcy and minimise the waste materials. In turn this should keep the costs down, maximising profit!

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